Dr. Patel recommends TMJ treatment to patients who suffer from TMJ or TMD disorder, or conditions that causes pain in the head, face, neck and jaw due to problems with the temporomandibular joints that affect jaw nerves and muscles.
What does TMJ stand for?
“TMJ” stands for the temporomandibular joint, a small joint located in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. This joint allows the lower jaw to move.
The temporomandibular joints are located on each side of your face, in front of your ears where the upper and lower jaw bones meet. These joints are involved in most movements of your mouth, including smiling, talking, laughing, yawning and chewing, so the pain caused by TMJ disorder can dramatically impact your life.
How do I know if I have TMJ?
In some patients, TMJ disorder is caused by joint inflammation and damage due to arthritis, while in others, trauma, disc erosion or misalignment or habitual teeth grinding or clenching may be the cause of TMJ disorder.
Symptoms for most TMJ patients include :
- Jaw pain and tenderness
- Jaw joint locking
- Painful or painful jaw movement
- Teeth sensitivity and ear ache
- Facial aching
- Headache or migraines
- Uneven or uncomfortable bite
What can be done to treat TMJ?
Many conservative, non-surgical TMJ treatments exist, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain and muscle relaxation, bite plate or splint therapy, and even stress management counseling. Generally, if non-surgical treatment is unsuccessful or if there is clear joint damage, surgery may be indicated.
- Arthrocentesis: a minor procedure wherein needles are inserted into the jaw joint area, and sterile fluid is injected to cleanse the joint.
- Open-joint surgery: a procedure to sculpt the jaw joint area can be performed when chipped bone, bone deterioration, tumors or scarring must be addressed